Faculty of Textile Science and Technology Research Activity2016｜Shinshu Univ
60Division of Gene ResearchHiroshi OgasawaraAssistant ProfessorUnderstanding the development of biofilms to explore the survival strategies of bacteria based on genomic informationIn the natural environment, many bacteria form biofilms and communicate with each other. I am carrying out research to culture bacteria attached to solid surfaces to understand which genes work in which ways as they develop into biofilms. I believe my lab’s research will play a useful role in future development of medicines targeting problem-causing bacteria in the industrial and medical domains.Assistant Professor Ogasawara took his current position in 2011 after working as a researcher at the Hosei University Research Center for Micro-nano Technology and in Shinshu University’s Faculty of Bioscience and Applied Chemistry. His research explores gene expression networks related to the formation of biolm in bacteria.Bacteria, which can adapt to numerous environments, do not always express all of the genes present in their genomes. By studying the mechanism by which bacteria express certain genes depending on conditions, it will become possible to utilize the capabilities of each bacterium to maximum eect.Outlook for researchWhile many graduates are employed by food and textile manufacturers, they can also pursue careers at pharmaceutical and other biotech companies.Outlook for students after graduationA student examines the culture conditions that activate gene expression. Bacteria have the ability to quickly adjust the functioning of their genes in response to external environmental changes.An electron micrograph of Bacillus subtilis. Many bacteria form biolms.We conduct detailed analyses of genes involved in the biolm formation of bacteria based on genomic information.Division of Gene ResearchElucidating genome functions for food productionI use DNA sequencing technology that has shown significant technical advancement in recent years to carry out research that contributes to the selective breeding of crops. My lab has used plant materials ranging from rice and mulberries to tropical crops obtained in collaboration with Okinawa Prefecture to carry out research into the efficient breeding of new varieties.Hideo MatsumuraAssociate ProfessorAssociate Professor Matsumura took his current position in January 2010 after working as a senior researcher at the Iwate Biotechnology Research Center. His areas of research include functional genomics for large-scale analysis of gene expression and plant breeding.I hope to utilize genomic information to improve breeding systems so that we can achieve stable food production.Outlook for researchI hope that graduates will pursue careers in research or food-related businesses.Outlook for students after graduationWe collaborate with Okinawa Prefecture to understand the papaya’s sex determination mechanism.A DNA sequencer can be used to sequence isolated genes.